Dialects or Languages?

  
[ 2005-06-15 19:24:20 pm | Author: Admin ]
                                             Dialects or Languages?

Chinese language is the language spoken by most people of the world, at least theoretically. There exist many inhabitants of China, especially in the South, that do barely understand the official language that is based upon the dialect of Peking. There are a few numbers of dialects, or we should better call it languages, in China that are related to the official language. These dialects are more archaic than the modern official language and tend to have more tone pitches and closed syllable endings. The most important languages are: 


Cantonese Guangdonghua
廣東話 or Yueyu 粵語, spoken in Guangdong (the origin of the city name Canton is actually the province name, the city is called Guangzhou) 


Wu
, spoken in the Yangtse Delta and Shanghai (hence called Shanghaihua 上海話). Wu is the name of an old feudal state of the Spring and Autumn Period. 


Northern Min Minbeihua
閩北話, spoken in northern Fujian province 


Southern Min Minnanhua
閩南話, spoken in southern Fujian and Taiwan 


Hakka
客家, distributed in many provinces of South China and oversees. "Hakka" means "guest people"; the Hakka language "islands" are enclaves inmidst of territories where mainly Cantonese is spoken 


Gan
, spoken in Jiangxi 


Xiang
, spoken in Hunan 


Recently some dialects were classified as languages: Dongan (the language of the Muslim Chinese in the West), Jin in Shanxi, Mindong, Minzhong and Puxian in Fujian, and Huizhou in Anhui and Zhejiang.

 

  Chinese silk embroidery painting art from Suzhou




[Last Modified By Admin, at 2006-01-05 09:07:56]


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